Potluck and Fellowship Food: Preparing Easy, Low-Carbon, Animal-Free Foods to Share  

Potluck and Fellowship Food: Preparing Easy, Low-Carbon, Animal-Free Foods to Share  

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Enjoy cooking? Eat “low on the food chain” and decrease emissions, land use, global deforestation and habitat loss.

On the level of personal impact, divestment from animal products has more climate-preserving power than divestment from fossil fuels. Planning a plant-based potluck or fellowship hour is as vital as reducing our annual mileage or easing our heating requirements. And we can enjoy every bite of the commitment! Here are a few recipes for friendship and gathering. Those without a specific credit are adapted from Dining With Friends: The Art of North American Vegan Cuisine (P. Feral & L. Hall, Nectar Bat Press, 2010).

Tapenade and Radishes on Baguette

This friendly hors d’oeuvre recipe was created by Mark Basile. The plate may be assembled a few hours ahead of time, and kept in the refrigerator until you are ready to serve.

Ingredients

1 baguette, cut into half-inch diagonal slices

2 bunches fresh radishes, thinly sliced

3/4 cup of pitted Kalamata olives

¼ cup of green, pitted Greek olives

Squeeze of fresh lemon juice

Fresh chives, snipped with scissors into pieces an eighth of an inch long

Salt and ground pepper

Place all olives into a food processor and mix into a rich paste. Add a squeeze of lemon juice. Cut baguette slices in ovals, 2 to 3 inches long. Spread a thin layer of tapenade on bread pieces.

Thinly slice the radishes. Place them on top of the tapenade and press lightly to hold in place. Sprinkle with a little salt and pepper, and top with a sprinkle of snipped chives. Serve chilled.

Black Bean Soup

This high-protein dish serves 12.

Ingredients

2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil

3 cups diced carrot

2 cups diced onion

2 cups diced celery

1 tablespoon each of minced garlic, oregano, basil, salt, and pepper.

10 cups vegetable broth

1 can diced tomato

1 tablespoon tamari or low-sodium soy sauce

6 cups cooked black beans

½ cup chopped parsley

Heat oil in an extra-large soup pot. Sauté the diced vegetables lightly, then add everything but the parsley. Simmer for 30 minutes and then add the parsley and additional salt and pepper if desired.

Yellow Split Pea Soup

Made with mild yellow split peas, this dish serves 12.

Ingredients 2 to 3 tablespoons olive oil

1 onion, diced

6 stalks each of celery and carrots, diced

3 cups washed, dried yellow split peas

3 potatoes, chopped in bite-sized chunks.

12 cups vegetable broth

2 teaspoons curry powder; 1 bay leaf; 2 teaspoons thyme; ground pepper; salt.

Sauté onion, celery and carrots in olive oil for several minutes in soup pot. Add the dry split peas, vegetable broth, curry powder, bay leaf, thyme, potato, salt, and pepper. Simmer over medium-low heat for one hour, or longer until the peas are soft.

Lentil Soup

The lentil is second only to the soybean in protein content, and can be grown by small farmers all over the world, including very dry areas. It’s the perfect food. This soup serves 8.

Ingredients

3 cups dry lentils, rinsed

12 cups salted cold water

4 cups each: large, chopped carrots and celery

medium, chopped onion

2 tablespoons olive oil

3-4 cups canned tomatoes

Cook lentils in water for 45 minutes, partially covered. Add vegetables and oil. Simmer for 30 minutes. Stir often. Salt and pepper to taste.

Chickpea Curry in a Hurry

This one comes courtesy of LouAnne McDonald, a Friend in Connecticut. It is adapted from a Lorna Sass recipe.

1 cup brown or brown basmati rice

2 cans (14.5 oz) diced tomatoes with green chiles;

2 cans (15 oz) garbanzo beans, drained and rinsed well in colander

2 tablespoons minced garlic

4 teaspoons curry powder

2/3 cup unsweetened, dried grated coconut

16 oz baby spinach

Start cooking the rice ahead of time—it takes a lot longer than the rest of the recipe.  The amount of water added should be double the amount of rice.  We use a stainless steel rice cooker.

In a large saucepan, combine the next five ingredients.  Bring to a boil over high heat, then lower the heat and add the spinach in batches.  At first it will seem like too much spinach, but the spinach shrinks down as it cooks.  (Throw the spinach in straight from the bag; it doesn’t need to be chopped.)  Cover and cook over medium heat about 10 minutes. Stir occasionally. Serve the curry over the rice.  (For potlucks, you might add the cooked rice to the curry and stir well.)

Makes 6-8 servings.

Chocolate Layer Cake

This delightful dessert also comes courtesy of LouAnne McDonald. It is based on a recipe from Health Coach Mary Lawrence, founder of Well on Wheels, LLC.

Dry Ingredients:

2 cups whole wheat pastry flour

¾ cup unsweetened cocoa powder

¼ cup vegan sugar (all organic sugar is vegan) or Sucanat

1 tablespoon baking powder

2 tsp baking soda

1 teaspoon sea salt

1 teaspoon cinnamon

Also need plastic wrap.

Liquid Ingredients:

1 cup vanilla soy milk

1 cup water

¼ cup canola oil

6 tablespoons (3/8 cup) raspberry seedless all-fruit jam

¾ cup maple syrup

2 tablespoons vanilla extract

2 teaspoons almond extract

2 tablespoons apple cider vinegar

Icing:

2 cups firm silken tofu (1 1/3 pkg)

2 tablespoons whole wheat pastry flour

6 tablespoons maple syrup (3/8 cup)

1 teaspoon vanilla

2 cups vegan semi-sweet chocolate chips (one 12 oz bag)

5/8 cup raspberry seedless all-fruit jam

Raspberries for garnish (or slivered almonds)

Preheat oven to 350 F. Oil and lightly flour two 9-inch round cake pans. Sift flour, cocoa powder, sugar, baking powder, baking soda, salt and cinnamon in large bowl. In a blender, pour soy milk, water, canola oil, jam, maple syrup, vanilla and almond extracts, and vinegar. Blend on high speed for 1 minute, until smooth. Add liquid ingredients to dry ingredients and whisk until smooth. Pour batter into prepared cake pans a bake 20-25 minutes.  The sides of the cake will pull away from the pan and the surface will spring back when pressed lightly. Cool cake in pan for 10 minutes. Then turn out cake onto a wire rack and cool. Wrap cake in plastic wrap and freeze 30 minutes.

For the icing: In a blender, mix tofu, flour, maple syrup and vanilla; if you have a Vitamix or other powerful blender, don’t overdo it! Transfer mixture to saucepan and add chocolate chips. Warm over very low heat (“simmer”), stirring often until chips have melted and blended completely. Refrigerate for several hours. To assemble: spread each top with a thin layer of raspberry jam. Frost the cake with the icing, and garnish with raspberries piled in the center.

Warm & Welcoming Apple Sauce Cake

This is easy to make and comes out great every time.

Ingredients

½ cup safflower oil

1 cup organic sugar

2 cups flour

½ teaspoon salt

½ teaspoon cloves

1 teaspoon cinnamon

½ teaspoon nutmeg

1 teaspoon baking soda

1 cup raisins

1 cup hot apple sauce without sugar

A handful of chopped walnuts or pecans (optional)

Mix the oil and sugar. Combine the spices and raisins with flour and spoon this into the oil/sugar mix, alternating with hot applesauce. Cream until smooth.

Pour into greased and floured 6-by-10-inch pan. Bake at 350 F for 45 minutes.

Shopping at Giant Food?

First, the fellowship staples…

Coffees, Teas, Creamers, Sweeteners, and Butters

Most any fair-trade coffee or tea is vegan-friendly as well as socially responsible. Good coffee creamers that blend smoothly into your coffee are available. Check the (non)dairy case at Giant. Examples are Califia Farms Almond Milk Creamer Vanilla and Silk Oat Yeah, in vanilla or oatmeal cookie style. (You’ve likely heard about the severe water shortage in California. Oat may be preferred to almonds in terms of water use.)

For best blending with coffee, pick a plant-based creamer rather than a plant-based beverage or milk. Plant “milks” and nut “beverages” are great—but intended for breakfast cereal and to use as milk for baking.

A good, pollinator-friendly replacement for honey is stevia or agave nectar. Either is great for coffee or tea. Organic sugar is also vegan.

Need some good vegan butter for the table? Giant has some nice ones. Try Miyoko’s Cultured Vegan Butter. It’s a gourmet offering made by a small but renowned woman-owned company in California. It’s preservative-free and perishable, so refrigerate promptly after the gathering.

Vegan Crackers and Cookies at Giant

Nature’s Promise Organic Clubhouse Crackers are vegan. Giant’s Clubhouse Crackers are vegan. Mary’s Gone Crackers is a popular vegan brand. Most rice crackers and some of the wovenwheat, organic, or grain-free styles are vegan. Usually they will say “vegan” somewhere on the package. Look out for butter, cheese, milk, or whey in the ingredients list. Those are all dairy (not plant-based) ingredients.

Partake Foods is allergen-free and one of today’s rising Black-owned business. The company has cookies in many grocery stores now.

What About Cheese?

Ask a staffer to point to the vegan cheese aisle. At Giant, a good sliced vegan cheese is Chao, by Field Roast. Great for finger sandwiches or cut into squares for crackers. Violife is also very good. There are many other kinds, but these two are standouts for taste and consistency.

Giant’s Vegan Recipes

Check out Giant Foods’ All About Eating Vegan page. It has a nice summary of why people eat vegan, and includes several attractive, illustrated recipes:

RECIPE: Pumpkin-Lentil Stew • RECIPE: Kale-Quinoa Salad with Edamame • RECIPE: Spicy Air Fryer Crispy Tofu Bowl • RECIPE: Vegan Chocolate Tart • RECIPE: Spanish-Style Stewed Spinach and Chickpeas

How Are Eggs Replaced in Recipes?

If you have a recipe that calls for eggs, the easiest substitute is Ener-G Egg Replacer. Walmart has it. The directions are easy (mix with water). You can keep it in your cupboard or your fridge for many months. It’s basically just a tapioca flour.

If you prefer to shop at Target, look for Bob’s Red Mill Egg Replacer, in-store or online. For just 4 dollars, you get the equivalent of 34 eggs for baking. Bob’s Red Mill is an employee-owned company. (Giant’s liquid “egg substitute” is made of eggs, so it’s not vegan.)

Eggs really have a big carbon impact, as chicken operations are tied into the global feed market, which is transportation-intensive, and uses extensive land, not to mention water—all for feed crops rather than direct human food. These factors make animal agribusiness energy-costly and emissions-heavy, even when the animals involved are not ruminants.

Fair Trade + Vegan: Making the Connections

Mindful shopping helps support producers who care about poverty alleviation, gender equity, rights of children, and worker safety. Fair trade matters—especially when shopping for cocoa and chocolate, coffee, and tea. Vegan offerings bring the interests of other conscious beings into the picture. As we seek to protect the environment, we’re mindful of the animals who inhabit it. As we question the use of harmful chemicals, we address the emissions of methane, waste runoff, and other dangerous effects of animal agribusiness. Vegan offerings complement mindful fair-trade standards.

Bon Appétit!

You might also be interested in… how electric cars fit in with a personal commitment to Earth care.
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Photo credit: Fuzzy Rescue, via Pexels.

Taking Action for the Climate

Taking Action for the Climate

How Do Electric Cars Fit In?  

Our nascent Climate Action Committee has been contemplating an electric car charger as one possible wish-list item for the Radnor Meeting House. The electric vehicle (EV) represents the future of cars. Approvals for EV tax credits in multiple countries are meant to bring this future closer. The availability of $25-35K electric cars will also accelerate the shift.

Yet, as some Friends have noted, electrification is not a cure-all. Nor will EVs bridge the gulf between car-focused households and the communities that require better public transit options. Then there’s cobalt extraction for EV batteries—and the human-rights implications.

A Key Question

Homes are now appearing with charging equipment and Tesla cars as part of the deal. Some real estate developers call this a model for sustainable, large-scale housing projects. Yet with more development and more cars, the sustainability of it all will become increasingly questionable.

The China-based CATL is building new lithium-ion factories to supply batteries for Tesla and others. The extraction of lithium uses up water and damages ecosystems. (Tesla is not the only EV car company consuming rare earth metals, but it is the most prominent U.S. electric car company.)

To expand driving routes, EVs are even going underground. Tunnel-making for more cars (rather than subways) isn’t an environmentally friendly idea. It releases CO₂ and disrupts fragile bio-communities. Companies’ cheap access to federal lands is another problem embedded in the push to renewables. In research and development, Tesla overlaps with the SpaceX company. In the big picture, SpaceX equips the U.S. military—the embodiment of a fragmented humanity that desperately needs self-improvement here on Earth.

So, a key question becomes whether we can figure out how to share and reduce our energy use in substantial ways, rather than look to for-profit corporations to define sustainability.

Simply Responding to Climate Crisis

When profits are paramount, innovation encourages more resource use. Better policymaking can be offered. Integrity and all other Quaker values call on us to focus on simplicity. The simplest concepts could well be the most effective in addressing our climate crisis. We could:

  • Reduce our discretionary driving mileage.
  • Press for walkable and bikeable towns, improved public transit, and reduced reliance on roadbuilding.
  • Divest ourselves from animal agribusiness, with its high carbon and methane emissions, its waste runoff, and its indifference to aware beings. This will help promote the direct use of land to grow human food—as opposed to allocating it to the global feed markets that create economic dependencies and usurp far more space than humanity needs.
  • Press lawmakers to incentivize compact, low-energy architecture and place solar systems on roofs (not in fragile ecosystems).

These and similar commitments offer potential for protecting Earth’s climate and habitat. They are applications of restorative, simplicity-focused principles.

All this said, an EV charger would be timely and good to have. Yet we know there is so much more to think about, and deeper questions that need to be asked and answered.

Lee H., Radnor Friends Climate Action Committee

Photo credit: Vadim B., via Pexels.com.